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Folic acid

B vitamin needed for the healthy development of the spinal cord in a foetus (fetus)


Breaking down the large insoluble food molecules into small soluble molecules


Chemical needed in very small amounts as part of a balanced diet to keep the body healthy.

Teacher information

Students are presented with six different characters. They have a range of ages and lifestyles. Students should select one character and attempt to produce a balanced diet that would meet the needs of their chosen character.

An ideal daily amount is indicated together with an allowable daily range. The allowable daily range indicates that a diet needs to be balanced over several days rather than on just one specific day. For each meal chosen feedback is shown in both graphical and text form, which either confirms a suitable balance or highlights any deficiencies.

The activity covers the following substances which are required for a balanced diet:

  • Carbohydrate
  • Protein
  • Fat
  • Vitamins (Vitamin C and Folic Acid)
  • Minerals (Calcium, Iron and Sodium)
  • Fibre
  • Water

For each character you are able to select a change which affects their lifestyle and diet. Students can attempt to set up a new balanced diet to match the changed circumstances.

These worksheets can be used to reinforce the knowledge of what comprises a balanced diet gained through use of the activity.

The wordsearch contains the names of the seven important substances needed in our food to give a balanced diet.

Wordsearch (word)

Wordsearch (pdf)

Unscramble the jumbled up words and use them to complete the sentences.

Unscramble words (word)

Unscramble words (pdf)

Which food substance is described by each statement?

Which food? (word)

Which food? (pdf)

More information about diet and digestion can be found in our Digestion resource.