Cells that make up animals, plants, fungi and protista. They are three-dimensional, membrane-bound sacs containing cytoplasm, a nucleus and a range of membrane-bound organelles.
A unicellular organism that lacks a membrane bound nucleus or any other membrane bound organelle.
The part of a cell that controls the cell function and contains the chromosomes.
Fungi (singular fungus) are either uni-cellular, as in yeasts, or multi-cellular, as in mushrooms, toadstools and moulds. Fungi have a nucleus, cytoplasm and a cell wall
Cells come in an enormous variety of shapes and forms, but there are two main types of cell – eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells.
Eukaryotic organisms include animals, fungi and plants. Almost all eukaryotic cells have some characteristics in common. They are three-dimensional, membrane-bound sacs containing cytoplasm, a nucleus and a range of membrane-bound organelles. The membrane which surrounds eukaryotic cells and the organelles is a very important structure. More detail is given on page 4 of this resource.
Scanning electron micrographs can give you insight into the 3D shape of cells, while transmission electron micrographs provide details about the structure of the organelles.
Scanning (left) and transmission (right) electron micrographs of cells (Image courtesy of CC0 1.0)
The protoplasm of animal cells contain organelles that are common to most cells. Click on the diagram below to find out more about some of them.