A disease resulting from a lack of insulin production by the pancreas or a loss of the cell response to insulin that causes a loss of control of the glucose balance of the body.
A list of often difficult or specialised words with their definitions.
A disorder where an excessive amount of fat has accumulated in the body. It results when the energy taken in as food is stored in the body instead of being used up through activity
A type of sugar: a mono saccharide with 6 carbon atoms (a hexose sugar).
A hormone produced by the pancreas. It allows cells in the body to take in and store glucose.
Reddish brown organs which get rid of waste urea from the body and balance the water and mineral ion concentration of the blood
The liquid which leaves your body through the urethra. It contains water, salts urea and other chemicals.
Diabetes mellitus is a condition where sufferers cannot properly regulate the way their body uses glucose. There are 180 million people worldwide who suffer from diabetes; 2.5 million are in the United Kingdom.
The disorder is more commonly known as diabetes and this will be used throughout the resource.
The ancient Egyptians first recognised the disorder now known as diabetes mellitus. The name relates to 'sweet tasting urine' because one of the signs of the disease is that sugar (glucose) can be found in the urine. Physicians in the past would have tasted the urine of patients to detect diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes is on the increase within developed nations, Obesity in particular is linked with an increased risk in diabetes
Courtesy of: Anthea Sieveking / Wellcome Images
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