Process where microorganisms are cultured so that they reproduce and increase in quantity.
The process by which a useful substance is extracted.
Single-celled organism. Has a cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm. Its DNA is loosely-coiled in the cytoplasm and there is no distinct nucleus
Microorganisms such as bacteria, yeasts and fungi
Uncontaminated by microorganisms
Human insulin is produced in a very controlled and clean environment.
Genetically-engineered bacteria are grown in large stainless steel fermentation vessels. The vessel contains all the nutrients needed for growth.
When the fermentation is complete, the mixture containing the bacteria is harvested. The bacteria are filtered off and broken open to release the insulin they have produced. It is then purified and packaged into bottles for distribution.
All the equipment is kept sterile so that contamination cannot get into the medicine. Regular checks make sure that all the processes are working properly and the insulin meets the required quality.
Drag these processes into the correct order for making human insulin from genetically engineered bacteria.